THE WAR OF 1812
                &
   MEXICAN WAR
VETERANS
Continued British interference with American shipping, as well as British encouragement of indians to attack American frontier settlements, finally causes president Madison and Congress to declare war.    Britain, involved in war with France. can spare few troops to fight the war.
1812 - A three pronged American attack on British held Canada fails.   The U.S.S. Constitution (Old Ironsides) defeats the British Guerriere in sea battle.
1813:-  Captain Oliver Hazard Perry scores a Naval vitory on Lake Erie and forces the British to leave Detroit.
    General William Henry Harrison attacks British troops retreating from Detroit and the indian allies.   The indian leader Tecumseh is killed, and The indians desert the British cause.
1814:- The British attack Washington D. C., and burn the white house.
    The British bombard Fort McHenry near Baltimore, and Francis Scott Key writes "The Star Spangled Banner" after witnessing the bombardment.
    The treaty of Ghent is signed in Belgium, ending the war of 1812.
    General Andrew Jackson Defeats a British attack on New Orleans.   Neither side knows that the war has already been ended by the treaty of Ghent.

The following early settlers of Irving Township of course did not enter this war from Irving Township but they are buried in it.  They are as follows:-

GEORGE HENRY ANDERSON - - Soldier of the war of 1812.  Wife was Nancy Anderson who died August 24, 1865 age 67 years 9 months and 24 days.   Both are buried in Hopewell Cemetery.

JOHN A. HEIDEMANN - - War of 1812, died July 14, 1891.   Buried in Hopewell Cemetery

MEXICAN WAR
   1846 - 1848
Eager to see the nation  stretch across the continent, several Amerian presidents offer to buy the Mexican lands of the west and southwest.   But Mexico does not want to sell.   To many, war seems the way to get the lands once and for all.

1846:- American troops are sent to Texas when a border dispute erupts with Mexico over Texas's rightful boundaries.   Mexican troops cross the Rio Grande and attack the American troops.   Congress declares war on Mexico and Mexico replies in kind.
    The bear flag revolt erupts in California, a part of Mexico, as American settlers there proclaim their independence from Mexican rule.
1847:- General Zachary Taylor and his American troops capture the Mexican cities of Matamoras and Monterey.   General Winfield Scott and his troops take the city of Veracrfuz and begin a march toward the capital, Mexico City.   After defeating Mexican troops under General Antonio Santa Anne, they capture the capital.
1848:- The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the war.  Mexico cedes the entire sosuthwest to the United States, for $15 million.

Veterans of this war from Irving Township are listed below.

JACOB LYERLA, SR. - - Born March 8, 1822 and died September 12, 1906.   
Became a volunteer in the struggle with Mexico and remained there until the end when with a duty faithfully and gallantly performed and an honorable discharge in his pocket, he returned to his home.

JOHN C. ROBERTS - - Born July 25, 1825 and died May 21, 1910.     He also served in the civil war.













History or this sword which is on display in the Irving Area Historical Museum is shown below:-

Lieutenant Samuel Hall, Uncle of Elizabeth Moncravie was a soldier in the American Army in the war with Mexico in 1846-47.   He was wounded by the sword of a Mexican officer in the battle of Buena-Vista.   He killed the Mexican officer with a bayonet and took his sword.
                               This is that sword.
It was in Mrs. Moncravie's possession until she presented it along with other articles to the Irving, Illinois American Legion Post No. 425.   The Post is now called the Moncravie Post No. 425.    Mrs. Moncravie, who was a lifelong resident of Irving, lost two sons in World War I.  
She lived to be over 100 years old.



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